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ZMS Client Utility


Overview


The ZMS client utility allows administrators to manage Athenz domains, to check domain details, create personal domains, and add other administrators.

Getting Software


Download latest ZMS Client utility binary release from Bintray - click on the Files tab, choose the latest version directory and then download the athenz-utils-<latest-version>-bin.tar.gz file::

Download

$ tar xvfz athenz-utils-X.Y-bin.tar.gz

Prerequisites


Before you can use the ZMS client utility, you need to have asked the Athenz administrators to create your top level domain.

Getting Help


The help argument for the utility will display all commands available through utility.

$ zms-cli help

To get additional details about a specific command:

$ zms-cli help [command]

For example, to get complete details on how to add a domain including examples:

$ zms-cli help add-domain

Specifying ZMS Environments


Use the -z option to point to the required environment for executing commands.

$ zms-cli -z https://zms-server.athenzcompany.com:4443/zms/v1 -d athenz show-domain

How the ZMS Client Authenticates


The Athenz ZMS server requires the user to provide its UserToken to authorize the requests. The UserToken is obtained from the ZMS Server with the user’s credentials and is valid for one hour.

Before communicating with the ZMS Server, the zms-cli utility:

  1. prompts for the user's password
  2. generates an Authorization header and passes it to ZMS to retrieve a UserToken

After communicating with the ZMS Server, the zms-cli utility caches the user's NToken in the user's home directory in the file .ntoken. It will continue to use the token until it expires, and then will prompt for the user's password.

Listing registered domains in Athenz


To find out what domains have been provisioned in Athenz, run the following:

$ zms-cli list-domain

The list-domain command also takes an optional prefix argument to filter the domains and only return those that start with the specified string. For example, if the user wants to list only the domains that have been configured in the athenz product domain, he/she will run the following command:

$ zms-cli list-domain athenz
    domains:
  - athenz
  - athenz.ci
  - athenz.qa

Displaying Administrators for a Product Domain


To view the full list of administrators for a given domain, run the following:

$ zms-cli -d &lt;domain-name&gt; show-role admin

For example, to view the Athenz system administrators for the domain media.news:

$ zms-cli -d media.news show-role admin

Adding Domains


The Top Level Product Domains in ZMS are provisioned by Athenz administrators.

Once the Product Domain has been created, the designated domain administrators can create any subdomains as necessary.

To create a new domain, the administrator uses the add-domain command:

$ zms-cli add-domain &lt;product sub domain&gt; [&lt;admin1&gt; &lt;admin2&gt; ...]

Parameters

&lt;domain&gt;

The name of the domain to be added, which could either be a product domain or a subdomain. For example, to add a subdomain called storage in the athenz domain, the value for <domain> would be athenz.storage. The parent domain must exist before a subdomain can be created. The domain name can only include any letters, digits and the '-' character. The maximum length of the domain name (including all subdomain parts) is 256 bytes.

[&lt;admin1&gt; ...]

A space-separated list of administrators for the domain. The user creating the domain is automatically added as an administrator.

Examples

If user joe executes the command below, the product domain coretech is created and will include user.joe as an administrator:

$ zms-cli add-domain coretech

When user joe executes the command below, the sub domain athenz.ci is created and will have the administrators yby.joe, yby.john, and yby.jane:

$ zms-cli add-domain athenz.ci yby.john yby.jane

Registering Personal Domains


ZMS supports Personal Domains. These domains are provisioned for users in the User user domain and have the same functionality as Product Domains in Athenz. The Personal Domain uses the syntax user.<user-id> and can have configured number of subdomains (default 2).

For example, if your user ID is joe and you'd like to create a Personal Domain, you would run the following command:

$ zms-cli add-domain user.joe

Then, to create a subdomain called athenz-test in your Personal Domain, you would run the following command:

$ zms-cli add-domain user.joe.athenz-test

If the user wants to list only his/her personal domains that have been registered, he/she will run the following command:

$ zms-cli list-domain user.&lt;user-id&gt;

Adding and Removing Administrators


Domain administrators are the principals listed as members of the role admin. When you create a domain, the role and corresponding policy role are created. Administrators can manage the list of current domain administrators by adding or removing members in the admin role.

To add one or more administrators:

$ zms-cli -d &lt;domain&gt; add-member admin &lt;user1&gt; [&lt;user2&gt; ...]

To remove existing domain administrators:

$ zms-cli -d &lt;domain&gt; delete-member admin &lt;user1&gt; [&lt;user2&gt; ...]

ZMS allows you to remove yourself from the admin role.

Once you've been removed, you'll need to ask another domain
administrator to re-add you to the `admin` role.

Adding a Group Role


To add new group role to a domain, the administrator will execute the following zms-cli command:

$ zms-cli -d &lt;domain&gt; add-group-role &lt;role&gt; &lt;member&gt; [&lt;member&gt; ...]

Parameters

&lt;domain&gt;

The name of the domain that the new role belongs to.

&lt;role&gt;

The name of the new role to be added.

&lt;member&gt; [&lt;member&gt; ...]

A space-separated list of members for the role. At least one member must be specified. If the member is a regular user, then user's id must be prefixed with user.. Once the group has been created, the administrator can add and/or delete members using the add-member and delete-member commands.

Example

When the domain administrator executes the command below, a new role called readers will be added to the the domain athenz.ci will have the following members: user - yby.john and service - media.sports.storage:

$ zms-cli -d athenz.ci add-group-role readers yby.john media.sports.storage

Managing a Group Role Membership


To add and/or delete members to/from a given role in a domain, the administrator will execute the following zms-cli commands:

$ zms-cli -d &lt;domain&gt; add-member &lt;role&gt; &lt;member&gt; [&lt;member&gt; ...]
$ zms-cli -d &lt;domain&gt; delete-member &lt;role&gt; &lt;member&gt; [&lt;member&gt; ...]

Parameters

&lt;domain&gt;

The name of the domain that the role belongs to.

&lt;role&gt;

The name of the role that will be modified to add or remove members.

&lt;member&gt; [&lt;member&gt; ...]

A space-separated list of members to be added to the role or to be removed from the role. At least one member must be specified. If the member is a regular user, the user's id must be prefixed with user..

When specifying service identities as members you must provide the full service name in then <domain-name>.<service-name> format.

Example

To add two new members: service "media.sports.storage" and user "yby.john", to a role called "readers" in the domain "athenz", the domain administrator will execute the following command:

$ zms-cli -d athenz add-member readers yby.john media.sports.storage

To delete member "media.sports.storage" from a role called "writers" in the domain "athenz", the domain administrator will execute the following command:

$ zms-cli -d athenz delete-member writers media.sports.storage

Adding a Policy


To add new policy to a domain, the administrator will execute the following zms-cli command:

$ zms-cli -d &lt;domain&gt; add-policy &lt;policy&gt; [&lt;assertion&gt;]

Parameters

&lt;domain&gt;

The name of the domain that the new policy belongs to.

&lt;policy&gt;

The name of the new policy to be added.

[&lt;assertion&gt;] where &lt;assertion&gt; is '&lt;effect&gt; &lt;action&gt; to &lt;role&gt; on &lt;resource&gt;'

The value effect must be either 'grant' or 'deny'. The action is the domain administrator defined action available for the resource (e.g. read, write, delete). The role is the name of the role this assertion applies to. The resource is the name of the resource this assertion applies to. Once the policy has been created, the administrator can add and/or delete assertions using the add-assertion and delete-assertion commands.

Example

When the domain administrator executes the command below, a new policy called writers will be added to the the domain athenz.ci that will grant write access to all the members of the sports_writers role on articles.sports.*:

$ zms-cli -d athenz.ci add-policy writers grant write to sports_writers on 'articles.sports.*'